यथा शिखा मयुराणां नागांनां मणयो यथा !
तद्वत वेदांग शास्त्राणां ज्योतिषम मूर्धनि स्थितं !!
[Like the crest of peacock, like the gem stone in the head of cobra,
astrology is the crown of the vedic knowledge branches]
What is Astrology?
Astrology defines as the study of the motions and positions of celestial bodies interpreted as having an influence on human affairs and the natural world.
The term Astrology comes from two Greek words ‘astron’, a star or constellation of stars, and ‘logus’ means study. So Astrology means study or discourse on the influence of the stars. In India known as “Jyotish Shastra” means science or study of stars. So we called Astrology is the science that explores the action of celestial bodies upon animate and inanimate objects, and their reactions to such influences. Astrology is a mother of Astronomy. In ancient ages astrology and astronomy were twin sciences, and astronomy was studied only for astrologers to make astrological predictions. Astronomy may be termed an ‘objective’ science, while Astrology must be ‘subjective’ science. The charting of the horoscope is an astronomical process, and the judgment or interpretation of the horoscope is an astrological process.
Astrology also deals with angles between the planets and their observed effect upon humanity. The signs are a way of dividing the heavens; so are the houses, but they are based upon the place of birth. The signs may be considered the field of action; the house is the place where the action occurs, and the planet is the motivating power of force. Astrology teach as that there is harmony and similarities in the universe and that everyone is part of the whole. So we should try to understand astrology as a philosophy which helps to explain life. The purpose of astrology is not to blame the planets for what happens to us, but, on the contrary, to learn about ourselves by planetary indication. When we see ourselves clearly we can discover within ourselves new qualities and then our life become more fulfilled, purposeful and productive.
Skandha (branches) of Astrology
सिद्धांतसंहिता होरा रुपं स्कंधत्रयात्मकम् !
वेदस्य निर्मलं चक्षुज्योति:शास्त्रमनुत्तमम् !!
– नारद संहिता
Astrology the pure eye od vadas, has three skanda(branch) namely Siddhant, samhita and hora.
Astrology (Jyotish shastra) is divided into three skandhas and six angas. The three skandhas are Siddhant, Samhita and Hora.
Siddhant – astrological/ astronomical calculations.
Samhita – various observations, including celestial omens, the weather, earthquakes, rain, economic cycle, the varying fortunes of the population at large, vastu, exploration of water springs ect.
Hora – interpretation of horoscopes.
अभिदधतीह षडङगान्याचार्या ज्योतिषे महाशास्त्रे !!
गोलो गणितं चेति द्वितयं खलु गणितसंज्ञिते स्कंधे !
होरासंहितयोरपि निमित्तमन्यत्त्रयं च होराख्ये !!
– प्रश्नमार्ग १- ६,७.
The great science of astrology is classified into six angas, Gola, Ganita, Jatak, Prasna, Muhurtha and Nimitta (Shakun).
Siddhant skandha deals with Gola and Ganita. Hora skandha deals with
Horoscopy, Prasna, Muhurtha and a part of Nimitta. Samhita skandha deals elaborately with Nimitta.
Gola ( गोल ) – spherical astronomy and direct observations; observational astronomy.
Ganita (गणित ) – astrological/ astronomical calculations.
Jataka (जातक ) – natal astrology.
Prashna (प्रश्न )– horary astrology.
Muhurta (मुहूर्त ) – choosing astrologically auspicious beginnings for any endeavor; electional astrology.
Nimitta (निमित्त )– interpreataion of omens; shakuna.
Styles of Astrology in India – in India various styles found for prediction and interpretation, like Parashari jyotish, Jaimini jyotish, Nadi jyotish, Krishnamurthi paddhati, Lal kitab ect.